Harun Yahya

The Prophet Muhammad (Saas)




Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but the
Messenger of Allah and the final seal of the prophets.
Allah has knowledge of all things. (Surat al-Ahzab, 40)
As is stated in the above verses, the Prophet Muhammad
(saas) is the last prophet. Through the verses that begin with
“Say”, Allah conveyed to our Prophet (saas) what needed to be
said to people. Through these verses, our Prophet (saas) communicated
Allah’s message.
The Prophet Muhammad (saas) said that those who fear
Allah and seek to be forgiven, should follow him:
Say, “If you love Allah, then follow me and Allah will
love you and forgive you for your wrong actions. Allah is
Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Surah Al ‘Imran, 31)
This call of the Prophet Muhammad (saas) still applies universally.
Allah enjoined strict obedience on the messengers He
sent, and in many verses, states that obedience to the messengers
is, in actuality, obedience to Allah.
The Prophet (saas) also stressed the importance of obedience
in the hadiths:
“Whoever obeys me, obeys Allah, and whoever disobeys me, disobeys
Allah, and whoever obeys the ruler I appoint, obeys me, and
whoever disobeys him, disobeys me.” (Sahih Bukhari)
For this reason, obedience to the messenger is at the heart religion
and showing this obedience surely comes about through
strict submissiveness to the issues conveyed by messengers.
The Prophet Muhammad (saas) Made It Clear
That He Did Not Ask For Any Wage In Return
For His Services
As all other messengers, the Prophet Muhammad (saas),
stated first and foremost that he did not ask for any recompense
in return for his communicating Allah’s message. He stated that
he did everything to earn Allah’s approval and that he awaited
his reward from Allah alone. Some of the verses through which
Allah commanded the Prophet Muhammad (saas) to tell people
that he did not ask for any rewards from them are as follows:
They were the ones whom Allah guided, so follow their
guidance. Say, “I do not ask you for any recompense for
this. It is simply a reminder to all mankind.” (Surat al-
An’am, 90)
Say: “I have not asked you for any recompense: Keep it
for yourselves. My reward is the responsibility of Allah
alone. He is the witness of all things.” (Surah Saba’, 47)
In another verse, on the other hand, the Prophet Muhammad
(saas), who told his people that he did not expect any rewards,
made his main goal clear, saying:
“I do not ask you for any recompense for it—only let anyone who will, take the right path to his Lord.” (Surat al-Furqan, 57)

The Prophet Muhammad (saas) Stated That
Those Who Wanted To See Miracles To Believe
Would Still Fail To Believe, Even If They Did
See Miracles


Although the signs of Allah’s existence are obvious, disbelivers
find pretexts not to believe and ask for miracles from Allah.
The Prophet Muhammad’s (saas) people also asked him to work
miracles in order not to adhere to him; the reason why such people
asked for miracles was not to have faith or to deepen their
faith; it was simply a pretext for their unwillingness to submit
themselves to Allah. Allah commanded the Prophet
Muhammad (saas) to say the following to these people:
They have solemnly sworn by Allah that if a Sign be
given them, they will believe in it. Say: “The Signs are
vouchsafed by Allah alone.” How can you tell that even
if a Sign be given them, they will indeed believe in it? (Surat al-An’am, 109)
Every man is destined to die on a certain day, which is decided
in Allah’s sight. When that time comes, angels assigned by
Allah descend on man to take his soul. If it is the death of a faithful
person, then angels greet him, giving him the good news of
Paradise and take his soul with ease. If it is the death of a disbeliever,
on the other hand, then angels inform him that he will be
exposed to a degrading torment. At that very moment, seeing
what should have been obvious to them, those who disbelieve
will submit themselves. However, after that point, nothing, not
even having faith, will avail the disbeliever, for the time granted
to him is already up. Allah conveyed this fact to those seeking
excuses for their disbelief and commanded the Prophet
Muhammad (saas) to address the people as follows:
Are they waiting for the angels to come to them or for
your Lord Himself to come, or for one of your Lord’s
Signs to be given to them? On the day that one of your
Lord’s Signs does come, faith shall not avail the soul that
had no faith or did not put its faith to good uses. Say:
“Wait, then if you will; we too are waiting.”(Surat al-
An’am, 158)

The Prophet Muhammad (saas) Reminded His
People That He Was Only A Human Being


Out of pride, non-God fearing people decline to obey a
human being or accept that he could be superior to them, in
spite of their own certainty about him. As we have also seen in
the case of the past nations to whom messengers were sent, such
people believe that messengers should possess attributes beyond
ordinary human ability and power; in order not to obey
them, they offer many excuses, saying that he could not have
been a Prophet, for he was an ordinary person “walking in the
market place.”
The Prophet Muhammad (saas) told people who had such
expectations that he was only a human being and that those who
had any intention of attaining salvation should turn to Allah
alone.
Say: “I am only a human being like yourselves. It is revealed
to me that your god is One God. So let him who
hopes to meet his Lord act rightly and not associate anyone
in the worship of his Lord.” (Surat al-Kahf, 110)
Say: “Had the Earth been safe enough for angels to dwell
in, We would have sent down to them an angel from
heaven as a messenger.” Say: “Allah is a sufficient witness
between me and you. He is certainly aware of and
sees His servants.” (Surat al-Isra’, 95-96)
Again, in the face of such expectations on the part of his people,
the Prophet Muhammad (saas) told them that he was only a
reminder, that he only fulfilled his Lord’s commands and that
those following him would find salvation:
Say: “Obey Allah and obey the Messenger. Then if they
turn away, he is responsible only for what he is charged
with just as you are responsible for what you are charged
with. If you obey him, you shall be rightly guided.” The
Messenger is responsible only for giving a clear warning. (Surat an-Nur, 54)
“I have simply been ordered to worship the Lord of this
land which He has declared sacred—everything belongs
to Him—and I have been ordered to be one of the
Muslims and to recite the Qur’an.” Whoever is guided is
only guided for his own good; if someone is misguided,
just say, “I am only a warner.” Then say: “Praise be to
Allah. He will show you His Signs and you will recognise
them. Your Lord is not unaware of what you do.” (Surat an-Naml, 91-93)

The Prophet Muhammad (saas) Told His People
That He Was Submissive To Allah


As with all disbelieving nations, the Prophet Muhammad’s
(saas) people also attempted to argue about Allah. Against his
nation who assumed such an ugly attitude, the Prophet
Muhammad (saas) communicated them that he submitted himself
to Allah:
Say, “Do you argue with us about Allah when He is our
Lord and your Lord? We shall both be judged by our actions.
To Him alone we are devoted.” (Surat al-Baqara,
139)
If they argue with you, say, “I have submitted myself
completely to Allah, and so have all who follow me.” Say
to those given the Book and those who have no Book,
“Will you surrender yourselves to Allah?” If they become
Muslim, they shall be rightly guided. If they give no
heed, you are responsible only for warning them. Allah
is watching all His servants. (Surah Al ‘Imran, 20)

The Prophet Muhammad (saas) Told His People
That He Had Faith In Allah Alone And That He
Would Not Ascribe Any Partners To Him


The Prophet Muhammad (saas) explained his people that
Allah is the only god and summoned them to believe in Allah.
He warned against a grievous torment. Some of the relevant
verses are as follows:
Say: “This is my path. With inner sight, I call on you to
believe in Allah, I and all who follow me. Glory be to
Allah! I am not one of the idolaters!” (Surah Yusuf, 108)
Say: “I call only upon my Lord and do not associate anyone
else with Him.” Say: “I have no control over any
good or evil that befalls you.” Say: “No one can protect
me from Allah and I will never find any refuge apart
from Him. My mission is only to make known His
Messages.” “As for one who disobeys Allah and His
Messenger, he shall abide in the Fire of Hell, remaining
in it timelessly, for ever and ever.” (Surat al-Jinn, 20-23)
Say: “I am commanded to serve Allah, and to worship
none besides Him. And I am commanded to be the first
of the Muslims.” Say: “I fear, were I to disobey my Lord,
the punishment of a Terrible Day.” Say: “It is Allah I
serve, and Him alone I worship. As for yourselves worship
anything you will apart from Him!” Say: “The real
losers are those who will lose themselves and their families
on the Day of Rising. That shall be the ultimate loss.”
(Surat az-Zumar, 11-15)
Surely worthier is He Who originates creation and then
regenerates it and provides for you from the Earth and
sky. Is there another god besides Allah? Say: “Bring your
proof if you are being truthful.” (Surat an-Naml, 64)

The Prophet Muhammad (saas) Stated That
He Would Never Follow Disbelievers


To his people, who strove to divert him from the straight
path, slandered him, threatened him with murdering and exiled
him, the Prophet Muhammad (saas) conveyed the following message:
Say: “I am forbidden to worship those you invoke besides
Allah.” Say: “I will not yield to your whims and desires.
If I did, I would go astray and cease to be on the
right path.” Say: “I have received veritable proofs from
my Lord and yet you deny Him. I have no power to hasten
that which you challenge. Jurisdiction over this is
Allah’s alone. He tells the truth and He is the Best of
Arbiters.” (Surat al-An’am, 56-57)

The Prophet Muhammad (saas) Told His People
That None Of The Partners They Ascribed To
Allah Had Any Might


The Prophet Muhammad (saas), who reminded his people
that Allah was one God, also conveyed in various ways that
none of the things which they ascribed as partners to Allah,
would harm anyone or do any good. Some of the relevant verses
are as follows:
Say: “Pray if you will to those whom you deify besides
Him. They cannot relieve your distress nor can they
change it.” (Surat al-Isra’, 56)
Say: “Have you pondered on those you invoke besides
Allah? Show me what part of the Earth they have created.
Or do they have a share in the heavens? Produce a Book
for me revealed before this one or some other shred of divine
knowledge, if you are telling the truth.” (Surat al-
Ahqaf, 4)
Say: “Call on those whom you deify besides Allah. They have no power over even the smallest particle, either in the heavens or on Earth. They have no share in them. Nor
has He any helpers among them.” (Surah Saba’, 22)
Say: “Show me those you have appointed to Him as associates.
No indeed! Allah alone is the Almighty, the All-
Wise.” (Surah Saba’, 27)
Say: “Have you seen your partner gods, those you call
upon besides Allah? Show me what part of the Earth they
have created, or do they have a share in the heavens?”
Have We given them a Book whose Clear Signs they follow?
No indeed! The wrongdoers promise each other
nothing but delusion. (Surah Fatir, 40)

The Prophet Muhammad (saas) Reminded His
Followers To Trust In The Destiny Ordained By
Allah


Every event in the eternal past was predetermined by Allah.
Aman is also bound by a destiny ordained for him. The Prophet
Muhammad (saas) told his people that they would not encounter
anything other than what was predestined for them, for
which reason they need to trust in Allah moment by moment
and earn the rewards of such an attitude:
Say: “Nothing can happen to us except what Allah has ordained
for us. He is our Guardian. It is in Allah that the
believers should put their trust.” (Surat at-Tawba, 51)
The Prophet (saas), by his submission to Allah, was an example
to all Muslims, and he warned people that they would never
have the power to change anything that came from Allah:
“Everything is by decree—even incapacity and ability.” (Malik’s Muwatta)
“… When you ask for anything ask it from Allah, and if you seek
help seek it from Allah. Know that if the people were to unite to do
you some benefit, they could benefit you only with what Allah
had recorded for you, and that if they were to unite to do you
some injury, they could injure you only with what Allah had
recorded for you. The pens are withdrawn and the pages are dry.”
(Tirmidhi)

The Prophet Muhammad (saas) Declared That
The Unseen Of The Heavens And Earth Could
Be Seen Only By Allah


The word “unseen” in the Qur’an means everything beyond
one’s perceptions and knowledge, everything concealed from
the eyes. Knowledge of the unseen is Allah’s alone. And Allah
informs us that He grants this knowledge only to those He wills.
The Prophet Muhammad (saas) stated that it was Allah alone
Who knew the “unseen”:
Say: “Allah knows best how long they stayed. His are the
secrets of the heavens and the Earth. How perfectly He
sees, how well He hears! Man has no protector apart from
Him. Nor does He share His rule with anyone.” (Surat al-
Kahf, 26)
Say: “No one in the heavens and on Earth knows the
Unseen except Allah.” Men shall never be aware of when
they will be raised to life. (Surat an-Naml, 65)
Say: “My Lord hurls forth the Truth—the Knower of all
unseen things.” (Surah Saba’, 48)

The Prophet Muhammad (saas) Explained
That Allah Possessed Infinite Might


It is Allah Who creates every condition that people need to survive.
The location of the Earth in the solar system, the atmosphere
that provides the required environment for life, water, an essential
part of life that covers a great part of the Earth, the movements of
the Earth that enables the rise of the Sun every morning and its
sinking every evening and many such other happenings take place
by Allah’s Will.
The Prophet Muhammad (saas) reminded his people about
Allah’s superior might:
Say: “Think! If Allah made it permanent night for you till
the Day of Rising, what god is there other than Allah to
bring you light? Do you not then hear?” Say: “Think! If
Allah made it permanent day for you till the Day of Rising,
what god is there other than Allah to bring you the night to
rest in? Do you not then see?” (Surat al-Qasas, 71-72)
The Prophet Muhammad told his people to look at the signs of
creation in this world and to take lessons from them. Seeing these
flawless signs of creation, people should grasp another important
fact. Allah, Who is able to create all these things, will surely create
their exact counterparts in the Hereafter. The Prophet Muhammad
(saas) explained this important fact to his people:
Say: “Travel about the Earth and see how He brought creation
out of nothing. Then later Allah will bring about the
Second Creation. Allah has power over all things.” (Surat
al-’Ankabut, 20)

He Declared That Allah Was Exalted Above All
Things And That He Was The Creator Of
Everything


Man is a weak being with many inadequacies. He can only
lead his life if Allah wills. However, Allah, Who is the Owner of
everything, is far removed from all sorts of inadequacies and is exalted
above all weaknesses. He is not in need of anything. The
Prophet Muhammad (saas) was commanded to speak thus to his
nation:
Say: “Am I to take anyone other than Allah as my
Protector, the Creator of the heavens and the Earth, He
Who feeds and is not fed?” Say: “I was commanded to be
the first of the Muslims,” and, “You shall serve no other
god besides Him.” Say: “I will never disobey my Lord,
for I fear the punishment of a dreadful Day.” (Surat al-
An’am, 14-15)
The Prophet Muhammad (saas) told his people that Allah is
the One and that He is the sole Possessor of everything.
Say: “Who is the Lord of the heavens and the Earth?” Say:
“Allah.” Say: “So why have you taken protectors apart
from Him who possess no power even to help or harm
themselves?” Say: “Are the blind and seeing equal? Or are
darkness and light the same? Or have they assigned partners
to Allah who create as He creates, so that all creating
seems the same to them?” Say: “Allah is the Creator of
everything. He is the One, the All-Conquering.” (Surat
ar-Ra’d, 16)

No One Can Do Any Good Or Harm To Another
Unless Allah Wills


One of the most important attributes of the societies who are
ignorant of the morality of the Qur’an is their faith in Allah despite
their failure to appreciate His Might and grandeur. The
Prophet Muhammad (saas) told his people—those who said that
Allah created them in reply to the question, “Who created you?”
yet failed to appreciate Him—that Allah had everything under
His control and that ascribing partners to Him would bring no
benefit to them:
If you ask them, “Who created the heavens and the
Earth?” They will say, “Allah.” Say: “So what do you
think? If Allah desired harm for me, could those you call
upon besides Allah relieve my affliction? Or if He desired
mercy for me, could they withhold His mercy?”
Say: “Allah is enough for me. In Him let the faithful put
their trust.” (Surat az-Zumar, 38)
Say: “Who is going to shield you from Allah if it is His
will to scourge you? And who can prevent Him from
showing you mercy?” They will find no one to protect or
help them besides Allah. (Surat al-Ahzab, 17)

The Prophet Muhammad (saas) Asked His People
How They Remained Unheeding Despite Their
Knowing About Allah’s Grandeur And That He Is
The Possessor Of Everything


The Prophet Muhammad (saas) made his people—who
knew about Allah’s existence but did not think about His superior might and thus failed to appreciate His grandeur—admit Allah’s existence and grandeur. Then, he summoned them to
take warning and to have fear in Him:
Say: “To whom does the Earth belong, and everything
and everyone in it? Tell me if you know the truth.” They
will reply: “To Allah.” Say: “So will you not pay heed?”
Say: “Who is the Lord of the Seven Heavens and the Lord
of the Mighty Throne?” They will reply: “Allah.” Say: “So will you not fear Allah?” Say: “In Whose hands is the
dominion over everything, He Who gives protection and
from Whom no protection can be given? Tell me, if you
know the truth.” They will reply: “Allah’s.” Say: “So how
have you been so bewitched?” (Surat al-Muminun, 84-89)

The Prophet Muhammad (saas) Gave The Good
News That Allah Would Forgive The Sins Of
Those Who Repented


Allah is the most compassionate of all. When Allah’s sincere
servants make any mistake, they should not be seized by pessimism,
for upon making a mistake, they should not be depressed
but turn to Allah and ask His forgiveness. Allah
commanded the Prophet Muhammad (saas) to say the following
about this issue:
Say [from Me]: “My servants, you who have transgressed
against yourselves, do not despair of the mercy of Allah.
Truly, Allah forgives all wrong actions. He is the Ever-
Forgiving, the Most Merciful.” (Surat az-Zumar, 53)

He Declared That Allah’s Path Is The Sole
Straight Path


The only way to lead an honourable and beautiful life is to
tread the path to which Allah summons man. Those who associate
partners with Allah and seek the approval of other beings,
will be punished by a great humiliation both in this world and in
the Hereafter. For this reason, the Prophet Muhammad (saas)
told his people that the main way to salvation both in this world
and beyond is the way of Allah:
Say: “Are we to call on something besides Allah which
can neither help nor harm us, and to turn on our heels
after Allah has guided us, like someone the devils have
bewitched, leaving him confused and stupefied, despite
the fact that he has companions calling him to the right
path, saying, ‘Come with us’?” Say: “Allah’s guidance,
that is true guidance. We are commanded to submit as
Muslims to the Lord of all the worlds.” (Surat al-An’am,
71)

He Declared That Allah Knew What Was
Hidden Deep Inside


While engaging in a hidden wicked deed, there are those
who assume that nobody sees them and thus feel relieved. The
fact is, however, that Allah sees everything in the heavens and
on the Earth. Moment by moment, He witnesses everything a
man does. People will give an account of everything they do on
the Day of Judgement, when everyone congregates in Allah’s
presence. The Prophet Muhammad (saas) called attention to this important fact, and reminded his people that, whether one is
open or secretive, Allah knows everything. Some of the verses
about this issue are as follows:
Say, “Whether you conceal what is in your breasts or
make it known, Allah knows it. He knows what is in the
heavens and what is on the Earth. Allah has power over
all things.” (Surah Al ‘Imran, 29)
Say: “Allah is a sufficient witness between me and you.
He is certainly aware of and sees His servants.” (Surat al-
Isra’, 96)
If they turn their backs, then say: “I have warned you all
alike, though I do not know if the scourge you have been
threatened with is near or far. He knows what is said
openly and He knows what you hide.” (Surat al-Anbiya’,
109-110)
Say: “Allah is a sufficient witness between me and you.
He knows everything in the heavens and on the Earth.
Those who believe in falsehood and reject Allah shall
have much to lose.” (Surat al-’Ankabut, 52)
Say: “Do you presume to teach Allah your religion when
Allah knows everything in the heavens and everything
on the Earth? Allah has knowledge of all things.” (Surat
al-Hujurat, 16)

He Explained In Various Ways That There Is No
Protector Other Than Allah


The sole friend and protector of man is his Creator, Allah.
Those who are not God-fearing, however, refuse to accept this
fact. They condition themselves to ignore Allah’s existence and
His superior might. However, there are such moments when
man very well grasps that no one but Allah can help him.
This is the fact of which the Prophet Muhammad (saas) reminded
his people. For instance, when something harmful afflicts
man, he has no one but Allah on Whom He can call. When
faced with such an experience, he understands that those partners
he ascribes to Allah can offer no benefit to him. This being
the case, while there is still time, the individual should reflect
upon this fact, and remember that he has no one from whom to
seek help. About this issue, the Prophet Muhammad (saas) gave
the following reminder:
Say: “What do you think? If Allah’s punishment were to
smite you or the Hour of Doom overtook you, would you
call on any but Allah to help you? Answer me, if you are
truthful!” No, on Him alone you call on and, if He wills,
He will relieve your affliction; and you will forget what
you associated with Him. (Surat al-An’am, 40-41)

He Reminded His Hearers To Feel Grateful To
Allah, Who Had Imbued Them With Faith


Allah states in the Qur’an that the number of believers on
Earth would be always very few and that only this minority of
believers would attain Paradise. For this reason, faith is one of
the favours that could be granted to a person. However, during
our Prophet’s (saas) time, once having faith, certain people attempted
to lay our Prophet (saas) under obligation, as if they
had done him a favour. In order to explain this very erroneous
logic—”They think they have done you a favour by becoming Muslims!”—our Prophet (saas) was commanded to speak thus:
Say: “Do not consider your Islam a favour to me. No indeed!
It is Allah Who has favoured you by guiding you to
faith, if you are telling the truth.” (Surat al-Hujurat, 17)
He Declared That Allah Had Sent The Qur’an
Disbelievers who were unwilling to obey the Prophet
Muhammad (saas) put forth many pretexts to deny the Qur’an.
One of the most outrageous of these claims was that the Qur’an
had been written by the Prophet Muhammad (saas). However,
the Qur’an reveals countless miracles, thus confirming that it
could not be the work of a human being. The Prophet
Muhammad (saas) reminded his people about this fact and reaffirmed
that Allah had sent it. Some of the relevant verses are as
follows:
Say: “The One Who sent it down is He Who knows all
hidden secrets in the heavens and Earth. He is Ever-
Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Surat al-Furqan, 6)
Say: “Do but consider: If this Qur’an is indeed from
Allah and you reject it, who could be more misguided
than one who openly defies Him?” (Surah Fussilat, 52)
The Qur’an is the just book through which Allah communicates
to His servants the demands. He makes upon them the
purpose of their existence, the way of living they have to adopt
both in this world and beyond and many other facts man needs
to know. The Prophet Muhammad (saas) also said the following
about the Qur’an, the word of Allah:
Say: “This is momentous news, yet you ignore it!” (Surah
Sad, 67-68)
In a hadith, our Prophet (saas) stated that the Qur’an was the
word of Allah:
“Honesty descended from the Heavens and settled in the roots of
the hearts of men [faithful believers], and then the Qur’an was revealed
and the people read the Qur’an, [and learned from it] and
also learned it from the Sunnah. Both the Qur’an and Sunnah
strengthened their [the faithful believers’] honesty.” (Sahih
Bukhari)

He Stated That No Other Being Could Possess
The Power To Reveal The Qur’an


Those who claim that the Qur’an is the work of a man are
aware neither of the miracles it reveals nor of Allah’s Words of
infinite wisdom. The fact is, however, that the Qur’an is a Book
that no one, not even all the people and jinni in the world, could
ever write. The Prophet Muhammad (saas) stated the following
about this subject to his people:
Say: “If both men and jinn banded together to produce
the like of this Qur’an, they could never compose anything
like it, even if they helped one another as best they
could.” (Surat al-Isra’, 88)
If they say, “He has invented it himself,” say: “Then produce
a sura like it and call on anyone you can besides
Allah to help you, if you are telling the truth.” (Surah
Yunus, 38)

He Stated That The Qur’an Was Good News
And Guidance For Muslims


Arelevant verse reads:
Say: “The Holy Spirit brought it down from your Lord in
truth, to reassure the faithful, and to give guidance and
good news for the Muslims.” (Surat an-Nahl, 102)
Again, the Prophet Muhammad (saas) stated that the Qur’an
led man to guidance as follows:
Say: “If I am misguided, it is only to my detriment. But if
I am in the right, it is thanks to what my Lord has revealed
to me. He is All-Hearing, Close-at-hand.” (Surah Saba’,
50)

He Stressed The Importance Of Prayer And
Summoned Them To Pray To Allah


One of the forms of worship that is a means to draw man
closer to Allah is prayer. Man should call upon Allah for anything
he wants. And Allah assures man that He will answer all
prayers of His servants, for which reason every individual who
hopes to be forgiven, who desires to live as a sincere believer in
this world and attain Paradise, which is the abode of eternal salvation
in the Hereafter, performs this form of worship: prayer.
The Prophet Muhammad (saas) declared to Muslims the worth
of prayer in Allah’s sight:
Say: “Little cares My Lord if you do not invoke Him? But
you have denied His revelations, so punishment is bound
to overtake you.” (Surat al-Furqan, 77)
The Prophet (saas) Revealed That
On The Day Of Judgement No One Would
Be Burdened With Anyone Else’s Sins
Many people who are willing to live by religion may have
heard the words, “I will accept that sin myself” from people
around them, in an effort to relieve others of a religious obligation.
On the Day of Judgement, however, the truth is that everyone
will stand all alone in Allah’s presence. On that day,
everyone will be held responsible only for their own deeds.
Nobody will be asked about the sins of others, and nobody’s sins
will be attributed to anyone else. Prophet Muhammad (saas)
told this fact as follows:
Say: “Should I seek any but Allah as my Lord, when He is
the Lord of all things? Each man shall reap the fruits of
his own deeds. No soul shall bear another’s burden. In
the end you shall all return to your Lord, and He will resolve
for you your disputes.” (Surat al-An’am, 164)
The Prophet’s (saas) words, “no soul will bear another’s burden,”
(Sahih Bukhari) also explains the truth about this prevalent
superstition.

He Told His People That The Benefits Of The
Life Of This World Are Much Less Than Those
Of The Hereafter


One of the trials through which Allah put the Prophet
Muhammad’s (saas) people to the test was war. When it was
time to wage war, some of them were afraid of being harmed by others and wished to lag behind. No doubt, fear of death and love for the life of this world lay behind this. However, the life of
this world is rather short. Each human being will die on a certain
day, whether it be during a war or at some other time. And this
time will certainly be the time predetermined by Allah. For this
reason, fearing death or anything else and disregarding Allah’s
approval is a great loss in terms of one’s eternal life. This being
the case, telling his people that the life of this world is too short,
the Prophet Muhammad (saas) commanded them to work for
the Hereafter, the eternal abode of man:
Mark those to whom it has been said: “Lay down your
arms; recite your prayers and give the alms levy.” Then
when they are ordered to fight, some of them fear man as
Allah should be feared, or even more than that. They say,
“Our Lord, do You bid us fight? If only You would give
us just a little respite!” Say, “Trifling are the pleasures of
this life. The Hereafter is better for those who would
keep from evil. You shall have to suffer the least injustice.”
(Surat an-Nisa’, 77)
The same is true of every issue concerning Allah’s command.
To make known to others the morality that pleases Allah—reaping
lasting benefits for Muslims—dedicating oneself to religion
may sometimes conflict with one’s lower self. A Muslim may
from time to time make sacrifices. However, for a true believer,
whose main goal is to earn Allah’s approval, such moments are
great opportunities to seize, for in this short life, sacrifices, that
are represented as losses by Satan, will bring great benefits to
man.

He Reminded Those Who Valued Worldly
Goods More Than Allah’s Approval Of Allah’s
Wrath


This world is a place where human beings are put to the test
by Allah and everything a man possesses is given to test him.
Aware of this fact, a man should feel grateful to Allah and strive
solely to earn Allah’s approval. The fact is however, that many
people ascribe whatever they possess to partners of Allah. The
Prophet Muhammad (saas) warned such people against a grievous
torment:
Say: “If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your
wives, your tribe, any wealth you have acquired, any
commerce in which you fear a decline, or any dwelling
which pleases you, are dearer to you than Allah, His
Messenger and the struggle for His cause, then wait until
Allah shall fulfil His decree. Allah does not guide the
evil-doers.” (Surat at-Tawba, 24)

He Declared That Disbelievers Would Certainly
Be Defeated


Throughout world history, disbelievers have waged an inconclusive
war against believers. This struggle has added to the
faith of believers and increased their worth in Allah’s sight while
it has turned out to be a great loss for disbelievers. Allah has
never let any disbelieving society harm believers. If disbelievers
ever seem to gain a victory, Allah definitely reverses this to the
benefit of believers. As Allah states in the Surat al-Maida, “It is
the party of Allah who are victorious.” This is a defeat that disbelievers
will meet in this world. In the Hereafter, however,
these people will be requited with the torment of Hell. Allah
commanded the Prophet Muhammad (saas) to say the following:
Say to those who are disbelievers: “You will be overwhelmed
and crowded into Hell. What an evil restingplace!”
(Surah Al ‘Imran, 12)

He Reminded His People To Learn Their Lesson
From The End Of The Disbelieving Nations Of
The Past


As is evident from the life stories of the prophets, throughout
world history, all nations who opposed Allah’s messengers
faced great torment, unless they repented and atoned for their
actions. No doubt, latter-day deniers should fear their end and
learn lesson from them. For this reason, the Prophet
Muhammad (saas) summoned his people to ponder upon what
had happened to the nations of the past and enjoined them to
take warning from it:
Say: “Travel about the Earth and see the final fate of the
evil-doers.” (Surat an-Naml, 69)
Say: “Travel about the Earth and see the final fate of the
deniers.” (Surat al-Anam, 11)
Say: “Travel about the Earth and see the final fate of
those who flourished before. Most of them were idolaters.” (Surat ar-Rum, 42)
One thing our Prophet (saas) said in the light of the above
verses was: “Rejoice and hope for what will please you! By Allah, I am
not afraid of your poverty but I am afraid that you will lead a life of luxury
as past nations did, whereupon you will compete with each other
for it, as they competed for it, and it will destroy you as it destroyed
them.” (Sahih Bukhari) In so saying, he warned people of the
disasters that had come upon others because of their indulgence.

He Reminded His People That
There Is No Flight From Death


One of the greatest fears of those who do not believe in the
Hereafter is the fear of death. Unbelieving people try in every
way to ward off death. However, for every human being, there is
a time of death determined in Allah’s sight and, when that time
comes, nobody can postpone it. For this reason, the Prophet
Muhammad (saas) reminded his people that they would die no
matter how much they strove not to:
Say: “Flight will not benefit you. If you try to run away
from death or slaughter, you will only enjoy a short
respite.” (Surat al-Ahzab, 16)
Say: “You have a promised appointment on a Day which
you cannot delay or advance by a single hour.” (Surah
Saba’, 30)

He Reminded His People That Death Is Not An
End And That It Is A Return To Allah


Many people in societies where ignorance prevails, assume
that death will end everything. The fact is, however, that death is
the moment when real life begins. Contrary to what is assumed,
it is not an end but a beginning. Following death, people will
give an account of their deeds in Allah’s presence and after that
they will be led to the abode where they will live for all eternity.
The Prophet Muhammad (saas) reminded his people of this fact
as follows:
Say: “The Angel of Death, who has been given charge of
you, will take you back and then you will be sent back to
your Lord.” (Surat as-Sajda, 11)

He Declared That Nobody But Allah Knew The
Time Of The Day Of Judgement


One of the things about which people wonder most is the
time of the Day of Judgement. However, Allah tells us that it is
He alone Who knows its time: He commanded the Prophet
Muhammad (saas) to answer the questions posed to him as follows:
People will ask you about the Last Hour. Say: “Only
Allah has knowledge of it. What will make you understand?
It may be that the Last Hour is very near.” (Surat
al-Ahzab, 63)
Say: “I do not know whether the scourge you are threatened
with is imminent or whether my Lord has set for it a
far-off day.” (Surat al-Jinn, 25)
If they turn their backs, say: “I have warned you all alike,
though I do not know whether the scourge you have been
threatened with is imminent or far-off.” (Surat al-
Anbiya’, 109)

He Told Disbelievers That They Would Be
Resurrected


Disbelievers who assume that the real life is the one they
have in this world told the Prophet Muhammad (saas) that they
did not believe in the fact that they would be resurrected. Allah
thereupon commanded our Prophet (saas) to answer as follows:
They say, “What! When we are bones and crumbled dust,
shall we then be restored to life!” Say: “It would not matter
if you were rock or iron or indeed any created thing
which you may think unlikely to be given life!” They
will say, “Who will restore us?” Say: “He Who brought
you into being in the first place.” They will shake their
heads at you and ask, “When will this happen?” Say: “It
may well be that it is very near at hand.” (Surat al-Isra’,
49-51)

He Declared That Those Who Become Arrogant
To Allah’s Messenger And Deny The Hereafter
Would Be Resurrected On The Day Of
Judgement And Be Submissive To Allah


Disbelievers deny Allah’s existence and refuse to be subject
to the messenger, for they find it hard to submit themselves to a
being other than themselves. However, on the Day of
Judgement, they will be resurrected and witness Allah’s
grandeur, might and the torment they will undergo. For this reason,
Allah commanded that those disbelievers who asked:
“When we are dead and turned to dust and bones, will we
then be raised up again alive? And our earlier ancestors as
well?” be answered thus: “Yes, and you will be in a despicable
state.” (Surat as-Saffat, 16-18)

He Warned Those Who Disbelieved In Allah’s
Verses, Saying That They Would Go To Hell


Disbelievers feel great hatred and resentment on being told
about the morality of the Qur’an. In the Qur’an, Allah makes us
aware of the great grudge disbelievers feel towards believers.
Allah commands the Prophet Muhammad (saas) to say the following
to these people:
When Our Signs are recited to them—Clear Signs—you
will detect denial in the faces of those who are disbelievers.
They all but assault those who recite Our Signs to
them! Say: “Shall I inform you of something worse than
that? The Fire which Allah has promised those who are
disbelievers. What an evil fate!” (Surat al-Hajj, 72)
As the verses reveal, the Prophet Muhammad (saas) told disbelievers
that their grudges would take them nowhere and that
they would be requited with great torment. In another verse, He
also stated that those who revolt against Allah and His messenger
would remain in Hell for all eternity:
My mission is only to make known Allah’s Messages.
Those who disobey Allah and His Messenger shall abide
forever in the Fire of Hell. (Surat al-Jinn, 23)

He Declared That Hell Was A Place Where
Disbelievers Would Remain For All Eternity


Disbelievers among his people claimed that after serving forsome time in Hell, they would go to Paradise. The Prophet
Muhammad (saas), however, said that those who deserve to be
in Hell will remain there for all eternity:
They say, “The Fire will only touch us for a few days.”
Say, “Did Allah make you such a promise—Allah will
not break His promise—or are you rather saying about
Allah what you have no means of knowing?” No indeed!
Those who commit evil and become engrossed in sin are
the heirs of the Fire, remaining in it timelessly, forever;
whereas those who believe and do good works, are the
heirs of the Garden, remaining in it timelessly, forever. (Surat al-Baqara, 80-82)
The Prophet (saas) also had this to say about life in Heaven
and Hell:
“When the inmates of Paradise would go to Paradise and the inmates
of Hell would go to Hell, death would be called and it
would be placed between Paradise and the Hell and then slaughtered
and then the announcer would announce: ‘Inmates of
Paradise, no death; Inmates of Hell-Fire, no death.’And it would
increase the delight of the inmates of Paradise and it would increase
the grief of the inmates of Hell-Fire.” (Sahih Muslim)

He Declared That Those Who Fear Allah
Would Attain Paradise


Say, “Shall I tell you of better things than these, with
which the righteous shall be rewarded by their Lord?
Theirs shall be gardens with rivers flowing under them,
where they shall dwell forever; and wives of perfect
chastity, and the Grace of Allah. Allah is watching over
His servants.” (Surah Al ‘Imran, 15)
The Prophet Muhammad (saas)
Commanded His People To Be Just
Say: “My Lord has commanded justice...” (Surat al-A’raf,
29)

He Said That It Was Allah Alone Who Rescued
Man From All Sorts Of Plights


Say: “Who rescues you from the perils of the land and
sea, when you call out to Him humbly and secretly saying:
‘If You rescue us from this, we will be truly thankful.’”
Say: “Allah rescues you from them and from all
afflictions. Yet you associate others with Him.” (Surat al-
An’am, 63-64)

The Prophet Muhammad (saas) Summoned His
People To Worship Allah Alone Without
Ascribing Partners To Him


Say, “People of the Book! Let us come to an agreement:
that we should worship none but Allah and not associate
any partners with Him and not set up mortals as gods besides
Allah.” If they refuse, say, “Bear witness that we are
Muslims.” (Surah Al ‘Imran, 64)

He Said That The Most Beautiful Names Belong
To Allah And That We Should Glorify Allah
With These Names


Say: “Call on Allah or call on the All-Merciful, whichever
you call upon, the Most Beautiful Names are His.”
Neither be too loud in your prayer nor too quiet in it, but
try to find a middle course. And say: “Praise be to Allah
Who has never begotten a son; Who has no partner in His
Kingdom and Who needs no one to protect Him from
abasement.” And proclaim His Greatness repeatedly! (Surat al-Isra’, 110-111)
 

Chapters of the Book

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