Harun Yahya

The Prophet Lut (As)

We gave right judgement and knowledge to Lut and rescued
him from the city which committed disgusting acts.
They were evil people who were deviators. We admitted
him into Our mercy. He was one of the righteous. (Surat
al-Anbiya’, 74-75)
The people of the Prophet Lut (as) are among the most depraved
people mentioned in the Qur’an. As related in the following
verses, these people were sexually deviant and used to
waylay and attack people.
Lut said to his people, “You are committing an obscenity
not perpetrated before you by any other nation. You lie
with men and waylay them on the road and commit depravities
within your gatherings”. His people’s only
reply was: “Bring down upon us Allah’s punishment, if
you are telling the truth.” (Surat al-’Ankabut, 28-29)
And Lut, when he said to his people, “Will you persist in
committing an obscenity not perpetrated before you by
any other nation? You come with lust to men instead of
women. You are indeed a depraved people.” (Surat al-
A’raf, 80-81)
[Lut said to his people,] “Of all beings, do you lie with
males, leaving the wives Allah has created for you? You
are a people who have overstepped the limits.” (Surat
ash-Shu’ara’, 165-166)
Lut said to his people: “Do you approach depravity with
open eyes? Do you come with lust to men instead of
women? You are a people who are deeply ignorant.” (Surat an-Naml, 54-55)
The Prophet Lut (as) called his people, who were deviant in
all senses, to live for the cause of Allah and be people of moral
excellence. However, they obstinately insisted on disobedience
and did not agree to desist from the wicked deeds they were
wont to commit. Despite the obstinate disbelief of his people,
however, the Prophet Lut (as), like all messengers of Allah, tried
hard to guide them and summoned them to the path of Allah
without ever becoming disheartened by the attacks and aspersions
of these corrupt people.
As Allah relates in the above quoted verses, the Prophet Lut
(as) described to his people the evil deeds they did and called
upon them to adopt a virtuous life style which would please
Allah. However, as many disbelievers have done throughout
history, Lut’s people did not obey their prophet and tried to deflect
him from the true path by casting aspersions on him.
These insolent people threatened him with expulsion from
their land and dared to mock at the physical and spiritual purity
of the prophet and the believers who obeyed him. The Prophet
Lut (as) expressed his reaction to these people who insisted on
disbelief and disobedience although he repeatedly called upon
them to tread the true path:
He [Lut] said, “I am someone who detests the deed you
perpetrate.” (Surat ash-Shu’ara’, 168)
As this verse maintains, despite the persistence and excessiveness
of his people, the Prophet Lut (as) acted according to
the commands of Allah and called upon people to do the same
resolutely. He said that he would not be pleased with any act
displeasing to Allah, and that he would do anything to prevent
such acts.

The Prophet Lut (as) Summoned His People
To Fear Allah

The Prophet Lut (as) first informed his people that he was a
faithful messenger whom Allah entrusted with communicating
His message and that he did not want any wage in return for
doing so. He also admonished them to fear Allah:
... “I am a faithful Messenger to you. So fear Allah and
obey me. I do not ask you for any wage for it. My wage is
the responsibility of no one but the Lord of all the
worlds.” (Surat ash-Shu’ara’, 161-164)
One needs to fear Allah in the true sense in order to be able to
fully comply with the kind of morality with which Allah is
pleased. One who fears Allah does not knowingly persist in anything
which would displease Allah. If such a person makes a
mistake unintentionally, he corrects his wrong action as soon as
he sees the truth. He spends his life in a way that would please
Allah and can, therefore, hope for a good life both in this world
and in the Hereafter. Therefore, all messengers, including the
Prophet Lut (as), warned their people to fear Allah.
The Prophet Lut (as) Warned His People To Act
Rightly And To Be Ashamed Of Their Behaviour
When his people persisted in their disbelief, Allah sent angels
to the Prophet Lut (as) to give him the news of the punishment
that He would inflict on them. His people, who took the
angels for men, ran to the Prophet Lut (as), and he had a dialogue
with his people as follows:
When Our messengers came to Lut, he was distressed for
them, for he was powerless to offer them protection. He
said, “This is indeed a dreadful day.” His people came
running to him excitedly—they were long used to committing
evil acts. He said, “My people, here are my
daughters. They are purer for you. So fear Allah and do
not shame me by insulting my guests. Is there not one
rightly-guided man among you?” They replied, “You
know we have no claim on your daughters. You know
very well what it is we want.” (Surah Hud, 77-79)
As seen in the above quoted dialogue, the people of Lut, who
did not fear Allah, had lost their sense of shame to such an extent
that they could openly express their depraved desires. This is
certainly a natural outcome of irreligion. This distorted pattern
of behaviour is prevalent also in today’s societies which have
distanced themselves from religion, and it is not regarded as
odd. That is because it is religion that instructs man in what constitutes
good morals, and what is regarded as right or evil. The conscience of people who have no fear for Allah and are out of
touch with religion, becomes deadened. Such people are partly
or entirely deprived of such attributes of moral excellence as
shame. Aware that this ignoble suggestion of his people was a
consequence of irreligion, the Prophet Lut (as) advised them to
fear Allah and told them not to dishonour him before his guests.
The verses below convey the conversation between the
Prophet Lut (as) and his people, when the messengers came to
the family of Lut:
The people of the city came, exulting at the news. He
said, “These are my guests, so do not put me to shame.
Fear Allah and do not dishonour me.” They said, “Did
we not forbid you to play host to strangers?” He said,
“Here are my daughters: Take them if you are bent on
evil.” By your life! They were wandering blindly in their
drunkenness! So the Great Blast overtook them at the
break of day. We laid their turn in ruin and rained down
on them stones of hard-baked clay. There are certainly
Signs in that for the discerning. They were beside a road
which still exists. There is certainly a Sign in that for true
believers. (Surat al-Hijr, 67-77)
As we have seen, those who did not answer the calls of the
Prophet Lut (as) and persisted in their perverted morality were
afflicted by a terrible scourge in this world. This is only the punishment
they received in this world; the requital they will face in the Hereafter will be even more severe.

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