What the Prophet (saas) Said of the Future
Every individual, every society and every nation has its own particular destiny. Even before the first human being had been created, all the details of what each person would experience in the future, the events to be witnessed by every nation, the stages every society would go through, and the like, had all been established in the Sight of Allah. Yet, people do not know any of these details that have been established, lived through, or done with in the Sight of Allah. They only see and come to know them as they experience them. The future is thus unknown to us.
However, Allah has also revealed that He has granted some of His servants information about the unknown in the Qur'an. One such factor was that about the Prophet Joseph (as). In his dungeon, he told two of his companions of the proofs of the existence of Allah:
He said, "No meal to feed you will arrive before I have informed you what they mean. That is part of what my Lord taught me. For I have left the religion of a people who clearly have no belief in Allah and are disbelievers in the hereafter." (Surah Yusuf: 37)
As we see from this verse, the Prophet Joseph (as) is saying that he knew something that had not yet occurred. That is knowledge, and a miracle, imparted to him by Allah. Allah also gave him the knowledge to interpret dreams. As long as Allah so wished, he could see certain events in the future.
Similar knowledge to that given to the Prophet Joseph (as) was also given to other prophets. In some verses, Allah states that He will reveal aspects of the unknown to those He chooses to be His messengers:
He is the Knower of the Unseen, and does not divulge His Unseen to anyone—except a Messenger with whom He is well pleased, and then He posts sentinels before him and behind him. (Surat al-Jinn: 26-27)
Our Lord gave the Prophet (saas) much knowledge of the unknown. The Prophet (saas) was told by Allah of things that had happened in the past, which nobody knew about, and of things that were yet to happen in the future. Allah states the truth in one verse:
This is news of the Unseen which We reveal to you. You were not with them when they decided what to do and devised their scheme. (Surah Yusuf: 102)
This is news from the Unseen which We reveal to you. You were not with them when they cast their reeds to see which of them would be the guardian of Mary. You were not with them when they quarrelled.
(Surah Al ‘Imran: 44)
This chapter will consider some information regarding the unknown that has come down to us from the Qur'an, that was imparted by Allah to the Prophet (saas) or that is available in the hadiths. (For more detail, see Harun Yahya, Miracles of the Qur'an, Attique Publishers, 2001).
The great majority of these things have come to pass already, and people have witnessed these miracles. That is also one of the proofs that the Prophet (saas) was the messenger of Allah and that the Qur'an is the word of Allah.
Some of the Information Regarding the Unknown imparted To the Prophet (saas) By the Qur'an
Alif Lam Mim. The Romans have been defeated in the lowest land, but after their defeat they will themselves be victorious within three to nine years. The affair is Allah's from beginning to end.
On that day, the believers will rejoice.
(Surat ar-Rum: 1-4)
One of the items of information about the future given to the Prophet (saas) by means of the Qur'an is to be found in the early verses of Surat ar-Rum. It is revealed in these verses that the Byzantine Empire had been defeated, but would then emerge victorious a short while later.
These verses were revealed in 620 A.D., some seven years after a crushing defeat inflicted on the Byzantines by the idolater Persians. The news is reported that the Byzantines will soon again be victorious. At that time, however, the Byzantines had been so seriously defeated that it looked impossible for them even to survive, let alone later emerge victorious. Not only the Persians, but also the Avars, Slavs and Lombards all constituted a grave menace to the Byzantine Empire. The Avars had come as far as the walls of Constantinople. In order to meet the expenses of his army, the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius had ordered all gold and silver ornamental goods in the churches to be melted down. When that proved to be insufficient, he even started to have bronze statues torn down to make coins from. Many governors rebelled against Emperor Heraclius, and the empire was on the point of falling apart. The idolator Persians had occupied many Byzantine territories, including Mesopotamia, Cilicia, Syria, Palestine, Egypt and Armenia.208
In short, everyone expected Byzantium to disappear completely. Yet, at just that moment, the news was revealed in the verse that Byzantium would emerge victorious again within nine years. Such a victory looked so totally impossible that Arab idolaters believed that this victory, revealed in the Qur'an, could never happen.
Yet, it was certainly true, just like everything else in the Qur'an. About seven years after the revelation of the first verses of Surat ar-Rum, in December 627 A.D., there was a major battle between Byzantium and the Persian Empire not far from the ruins of Nineveh. The Byzantine army defeated the Persians. A few months later, the Persians had to sign a treaty handing back to Byzantium all of its territories they had occupied.209 The "victory of the Romans," revealed to the Prophet (saas) by Allah in the Qur'an, had miraculously come about.
Another miracle in these verses consists in the reporting of facts about a part of the world that nobody at the time could possibly identify.
The Romans have been defeated in the lowest land...
(Surat ar-Rum: 2-3)
In verse 3 of Surat ar-Rum, it is said that the Romans had been defeated in "the lowest place on Earth." The Arabic for that is "Adna al Ard," and is translated in some texts as meaning "a land nearby." Yet, that does not accurately reflect the original meaning. The Arabic word "adna" means "the lowest," and comes from the word "deni," which means "low." "Ard" means the "earth." "Adna al Ard" therefore means the lowest place on earth.
The battle between the Byzantine Empire and the Persians really did take place at the lowest point on earth. That was the basin of Lake Lut, where present-day Syria, Palestine and Jordan meet. It is also known that the area around the lake is 395 metres below sea-level, making it the lowest point on earth. As revealed in the verse, the Romans were defeated at "the lowest place on earth."
The important point here is that the altitude of Lake Lut has only been been established by measurements taken in the modern age. Before that, it was not possible for anyone to know that the lake was the lowest point on earth. Yet the region is described as such in the Qur'an. That is one of the proofs that the Qur'an is the Divine word, and that the Prophet Muhammad (saas) is the prophet of Allah.
Glory be to Him who took His servant on a journey by night from the Masjid al-Haram to the Masjid al-Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, in order to show him some of Our Signs. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing. )
(Surat al-Isra': 1)
In this verse, Allah reveals that one night he took the Prophet (saas) to the Al-Aqsa Mosque. That is a great miracle. The Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) is in Mecca, and the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. The Prophet (saas) was in Mecca when this happened. Under the conditions of that time it would have been quite impossible for him to go from Mecca to Jerusalem in one night. We must also make it clear that the Prophet (saas) had never before seen Jerusalem and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
The next day, when he recounted this great miracle to those around him, the polytheists in Mecca refused to believe him, and, it is said, demanded proof. One of them had seen the Al-Aqsa Mosque, and they asked the Prophet (saas) to describe it and asked him questions about it.
The Dome of the Rock and the al-Aqsa Mosque (1890).
It is He Who appointed you successors on the earth and raised some of you above others in rank so He could test you regarding what He has given you. Your Lord is Swift in Retribution;
and He is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
(Surat al-An‘am: 165)
When the Prophet (saas) was able to describe the Al-Aqsa Mosque correctly, the polytheists said his description was exact. They then asked him whether or not he had met a caravan that was coming from there. The Prophet (saas) replied: "Yes, I came across it. It was at Rawha. They had lost a camel and were looking for it. There was a water goblet among what they were carrying. I was thirsty and drank from it, and then put it back in its place. When they arrive, ask them if they found the water in that goblet." The Quraish then said, "That is another sign." They then continued to ask him detailed questions about the caravan. The Prophet (saas) answered all their questions, and said: "They will arrive on such and such a day, at dawn, led by such and such a person on a grey camel with two haircloth sacks on it." They then said, "That is another sign." It is then reported that on that day they then made haste for Saniyya to wait for dawn. The caravan in question indeed came into view at dawn. Leading the caravan was that same grey camel that the Prophet (saas) had described.210
It is an important miracle that Allah should have shown the Prophet (saas) somewhere he had never been without actually going there. It was impossible at that time to go from Mecca to Jerusalem in a single night, and that makes the miracle even greater and clearer.
Allah has confirmed His Messenger's vision with truth: You will enter the Masjid al-Haram in safety, Allah willing, shaving your heads and cutting your hair without any fear. He knew what you did not know and ordained, in place of this, an imminent victory.
(Surat al-Fath: 27)
The Prophet (saas) had a dream when he was in Medina, that the believers had entered the Sacred Mosque and walked around the Kaaba. He gave the good news to the believers. Those of the believers who migrated from Mecca to Medina had not been able to return since. When the Prophet (saas) spoke of his dream, as the account has it, the believers went to Mecca for the purposes of pilgrimage, although the idolators would not allow them in. The unbelievers saw this as an opportunity to sow discord, and tried to prove the Prophet's (saas) dream false by saying that they had been unable to go to the Kaaba and unable to cut their hair.
Allah revealed verse 27 of Surat al-Fath to the Prophet (saas) to help and support him, and revealed that the dream was true, and that if Allah so wished the believers would be able to enter Mecca. A short while later, with the Treaty of Hudaybiya and the conquest of Mecca, the believers were able to enter the Sacred Mosque in complete safety, just as the dream had shown. That was how Allah showed that the news He had previously given to the Prophet (saas) was true.211
Another important point here is this: When the Prophet (saas) gave that good news to the believers it looked totally out of the question. In fact, the situation pointed in quite the opposite direction, and the polytheists appeared quite determined never to let the believers in. That led those who harboured doubts in their hearts to doubt the words of the Prophet (saas). Yet, the Prophet (saas) trusted in Allah, took no notice of what people might say, had complete faith in what Allah had revealed to him and told people about it. It is an important miracle that his words were confirmed by the Qur'an, and that they came to pass shortly afterwards.
We decreed in the Book for the tribe of Israel:
"You will twice cause corruption on the earth and you will reach [a degree of] great haughtiness. When the promised first time came, We sent against you servants of Ours possessing great force, and they ransacked your houses, rampaging right through them. It was a promise which was fulfilled. Then once again We gave you the upper hand over them and supplied you with more wealth and children and made you the most numerous group."
(Surat al-Isra': 4-6)
As revealed in these verses, the Children of Israel were to experience two victories. Following the first of these, and their "reaching to a degree of great haughtiness," Allah then sent a powerful army against them. Indeed, when the Jews killed the Prophet John (as) and set a trap to kill the Prophet Jesus (as), in other words, after their "reaching to a degree of great haughtiness," they were exiled shortly afterwards from Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 A.D. The Masjid of Solomon in the city was completely demolished.
Following their exile from Palestine in 70 A.D., the Jews wandered all over the world. They were generally despised in European countries, had to live under oppressive conditions, and even most of the time had to practice their religion in secret. When that verse was revealed to the Prophet (saas), the Jews were living under very difficult conditions and had no state of their own. Yet, Allah told them that they would one day recover their strength.
At the time when the Prophet (saas) was informed in a verse that the Children of Israel would regain their strength, the Jews were living under very difficult conditions and had no state of their own. Years later, however, a Qur'anic miracle took place when David Ben- Gurion (left) declared the foundation of the state of Israel in 1948.
That looked like a particularly remote possibility when the Prophet (saas) was alive, yet it later came about. They returned to Palestine and established the State of Israel in 1948. Israel's military and political power is no secret to anyone today.
In this verse regarding the Jews, and in other verses, one of the important things is the revelation that things that looked totally impossible at the time, would come about. All of these examples are miracles of the Qur'an, of course.
The Prophet confided a certain matter to one of his wives, then when she divulged it Allah disclosed that to him,
and he communicated part of it and withheld part of it.
When he told her of it, she said, '"Who told you of this?"
He said, "The All-Knowing and All-Aware informed me of it."
(Surat at-Tahrim: 3)
As is revealed in this verse, the Prophet (saas) imparted a secret to a number of his wives. However, they were unable to keep it, and revealed it to each other. Allah had told the Prophet (saas) of that behaviour, that they would talk amongst themselves. The Prophet (saas) then told his wives that he knew they had divulged the secret.
Information about the Unknown the Prophet (saas) Revealed In the Hadiths
O my people! You are about to conquer Egypt. Keep the welfare of the conquered people in view. You shall have to abide by the Divine covenant that their life and property and their honour should be protected. 212
In the hadiths, the Prophet (saas) gave the good news that Egypt would be conquered. At the time when he communicated that message, Egypt was under the dominion of the Byzantines. Furthermore, the Muslims had yet to attain any great power. Yet, these words of the Prophet (saas) came true, and, not long after his death, the Muslim armies under the command of Amr bin al-As conquered Egypt in 641 A.D., during the caliphate of Omar. That is one example of the Prophet (saas) accurately knowing the unknown.
Kisra (Khosrau, King of Persia) will die; there will be no Kisra after him, and Qaisar (Caesar, King of Rome) will die; there would be no Qaisar after him, but, by One in Whose Hand is my life, you will spend their treasures in the cause of Allah." 213
The word "kisra" that appears in this hadith was a name that used to be used for kings of Persia. The title "caesar" was used for the Roman Empire. The Prophet (saas) gave the good news that the Muslims would come into possession of the treasures of both these rulers.
What needs to be stressed here is that when the Prophet (saas) related that fact, the Muslims still lacked the necessary economic, military and political strength to effect such a great conquest. Furthermore, at that time, the Persian and Byzantine Empires were the two most powerful states in the Middle East. For that reason, such an event was out of the question, at the time when the Prophet (saas) delivered those tidings. However, things actually happened as the Prophet (saas) predicted they would. Iran was conquered during the time of Omar and all its goods seized. The kingdom of the Persian "kisra" thus came to an end.
The death of "caesar" and the reversion of his treasuries to the Muslims came about with the capture of important Roman centers, particularly during the time of the Muslim caliphs. Starting with the time of Abubakr, important centers under the dominion of "caesar" such as Jordan, Palestine, Damascus, Jerusalem, Syria and Egypt were conquered. The capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror in 1453 meant the collapse of the Roman Empire, and the end of the title of "caesar."214
Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror's capture of Constantinople and the collapse of the Roman Empire meant the end of the title of Caesar.
In his book The Venture of Islam, the American researcher M. G. S. Hodgson describes the Muslim capture of territories belonging to Byzantium and the Persian Empire:
"Muhammad, an Arab of Mecca, sets up a religiously organized society in Medina, and expands it over much of the Arabian peninsula to march with and even locally replace Sasanian and Roman power."215
In this way, these important conquests, that seemed to be totally impossible at the time of the Prophet (saas) both politically and economically, actually happened, as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (saas) by Allah.
Great Allah sent many tribulations to Kisra by his son Shireveyh, who killed him in this month, on this night at this hour! 216
In the near future, my religion and its sovereignty will reach Kisra's throne. 217
The Prophet (saas) decided to invite the rulers to turn to Islam, and sent one of his companions, Abdullah bin Hudhaafah, to the Kisra, the Persian King, as an ambassador. The Persian Kisra, swollen with pride, rejected the Prophet's (saas) offer. He even sent two ambassadors of his own to the Prophet (saas), telling the Muslims to submit to him. The Prophet (saas) first invited these two ambassadors to accept Islam. Then he called them into his presence the next day to learn their decision.218
The next day, the Prophet (saas) told the two ambassadors what Allah had revealed to him:
"Great Allah sent many tribulations to Kisra by his son Shireveyh, who killed him in this month, on this night, at this hour!"219
He also personally told them:
"Tell him that my religion and my empire will reach far beyond the kingdom of Kisra; and say to him from me: Enter Islam, and I will confirm you in what you have, and I will appoint you king over the people of Yemen."220
The ambassadors then returned to Yemen and described what had gone on. Badhan said:
"We will see what happens next. If what he said is true, then he is the prophet whom Allah has sent."221
He then turned to his men and asked what they thought of him. The ambassadors had been greatly impressed by the Prophet (saas), and said:
"We never saw a ruler more majestic, more fearless and less guarded than him. He walked humbly amongst the people."
Badhan waited for a while to see whether the Prophet's (saas) words about the ruler would come true or not. In that way, he said, he could be sure that Muhammad (saas) was Allah's Messenger. A short while later, a letter reached Badhan from the ruler's son, Shireveyh: "I killed Kisra. When this letter reaches you, take the oath of the people in my name. Regarding what Kisra wrote to you, wait and do nothing until a new command from me."222
When Badhan and his men worked it out, they realized that all this had happened just as the Prophet (saas) had said it would.223 Badhan came to believe after that great miracle, and accepted Islam. He was followed by the Yemeni Abna.224 Badhan became the first governor appointed by the Prophet (saas), and the first Persian governor to be a Muslim.225
It is a historically documented fact that in 628 the Prophet (saas) sent a letter of invitation to the Persian King Kisra, and that he was killed by his son that same year.226
The Prophet’s (saas) Hadiths Regarding the Signs of the End Times
Many details of what the Prophet (saas) said would happen before the last days have reached us. These events are happening one by one in our own time, proving to be yet another miracle of the Prophet (saas). These events, that are happening 1,400 years after the Prophet Muhammad (saas), were explained in great detail, as if he had witnessed them himself.
These are the Prophet's (saas) prophecies regarding the signs of the end times and the last day, taken from the hadiths:
The Last Hour will not come unless there is much bloodshed. 227
Acts of violence and terror, one of the signs of the final times, are continuing with increasing violence all over the world.
The parallel between the warning issued by the Prophet (saas) in the past and the events being experienced today reveals to us one of the miracles of this blessed man.
Near the establishment of the Hour there will be much Al-Harj, and Al-Harj means killing… 228
The wars in many countries of the world, in which innocent people are killed for no reason, are another of the portents of Doomsday related by the Prophet (saas).
The Day of Judgement will not come until people openly deny Allah. 229
Examples of widespread atheist websites.
Great cities will be ruined, and it will be as if they had not existed the day before 230
One of the portents of Doomsday related in the hadiths is the destruction of cities. The recent earthquakes in Mexico (right) and Tokyo (below) are manifestations of this.
Gains will be shared out only among the rich, with no benefit to the poor. 231
Despite the rich resources in the world, many countries are suffering from terrible starvation. This is another sign which everyone must think about.
People will indulge in homosexuality and lesbianism. 232
Homosexuals, of which the Prophet (saas) spoke some 1,400 years ago, can now be seen in many parts of the world.
There will be prevalence of open illegal intercourse 233
The Hour (Last Day) will not be established until murders will increase.234
Pity poor Taliqan (a region in Afghanistan) that at that place are treasures of Allah, but these are not of gold and silver but consist of people who have recognised Allah as they should have. 235
There is an indication in the hadith that Afghanistan will be occupied during the end times. The Russian invasion of Afghanistan took place in 1979, or 1400 according to the Hijri calendar. In other words, it coincided with the start of the fourteenth century under the Hijri calendar.
These pictures show examples of the oppression suffered by the people of Afghanistan during the invasion by the Russian army in 1979.
It (Euphrates) will uncover a mountain of gold (under it) 236
Soon the river "Euphrates" will disclose the treasure (the mountain) of gold, so whoever will be present at that time should not take anything of it. 237
Water Crisis in The Neighboring Countries
Tension in Syria and Iraq rises as the time draws near when of the flow of water from Euphrates will be shut. Turkey will shut the flow of water from Euphrates between January 13-February 13.
As can be seen from the diagram below, the dam resembles a huge concrete mountain. From this dam (the mountain according to the analogy of the hadith) pours a fortune as valuable as gold. For that reason the dam assumes the nature of a "mountain of gold." (Allah knows best.)
Thanks to the new dam, these lands have come to be "worth their weight in gold" since electricity can now be produced, the fertility of the soil has been increased now that the water collected can be used for irrigation, and communications have been made easier.
The rebuilding of the ruined places in the world, and the ruination of constructed places are signs and portents of the Last Day 238
The Reichstag (German Parliament) after its destruction in 1945. The picture below shows the same building in 1999, after reconstruction. Many buildings are being restored and brought back to their former appearance in the same way.
There are two signs of Hazrat Mahdi (as); ...and those signs are that moon will eclipse in the first night of its fixed nights of eclipse and sun will be eclipsed in the middle of the fixed days for its eclipse, during the month of Ramadhan.239
There will be two eclipses of the sun in Ramadan before Hazrat Mahdi (as) emerges.240
There will be two eclipses of the Moon in Ramadan...241
The common points emerging from the above three hadiths are:
There will be solar and lunar eclipses during the month of Ramadan.
These will be spaced about 14-15 days apart.
The eclipses will be repeated twice.
In line with those calculations, there was a lunar eclipse in 1981 (Hijri 1401), on the 15th day of Ramadan, and a solar eclipse on the 29th day of the month.
There was a "second" lunar eclipse in 1982 (Hijri 1402) on the 14th day of Ramadan, and a solar eclipse on the 28th day of the month.
It is also particularly significant that in that particular instance, there was a full lunar eclipse in the middle of the month of Ramadan, a most striking prophecy.
Top right: A picture of the July 31, 1981, solar eclipse.
Bottom right: Sky Telescope Magazine, July 1999.
Bottom right: A picture of the 1981 eclipse carried by Sky Telescope magazine in its July 1999 edition.
Left: The calendar on the left shows the dates of the lunar and solar eclipses of 1981 and 1982.
Before he comes, a comet spreading light will come from the East..242
The birth of that star will follow the eclipse of the Sun and Moon.243
A tailed star will be born from the East and spread its light. Its daily direction will be from East to West.244
- In 1986 (Hijri 1406), in other words at the start of the 14th century, Halley's comet passed by the Earth. The comet is a bright, shining star.
- It travels from East to West
- This happened after the lunar and solar eclipses of 1981 and 1982 (1401-1402)
20th Chronicle (3/1986) p. 1278
On March 6, the Soviet Vega-1 spacecraft flew within 5,500 miles of Halley's comet, sending back the first pictures of the comet's icy core.
The year in which he will emerge, people will perform hajj together and gather without an imam. The Hajjis will be looted, and there will be a battle at Mina in which many will be slain and blood will flow until it runs over the Jamra al-'Aqaba. [Jamra: a stone pillar representing satan that is stoned during the pilgrimage.245
People will go on the hajj with no imam at their head. When they descend to Mina, the tribes will savage each other like dogs and there will be great wars. To such an extent that feet will be covered in a lake of blood. 246
In 1979, there was a massacre in an attack on the Kaaba during the hajj pilgrimage, just as had been revealed in a hadith. This bloody attack on the Kaaba took place on Muharram 1, 1400, (November 21, 1979), in other words on the first day of Hijri 1400, at the beginning of the period when signs of the final times began to follow one another.
The inside story on the clashes in Mecca: THE HARAM ESH-SHARIF (THE TEMPLE MOUNT) WAS UNDER THE THREAT OF OCCUPATION (right picture)
Iranian pilgrims attempted to hold a demonstration carrying posters of Khomeini. CLASH IN MECCA: Death toll at 402 (left picture)
Seven years after the attack on the Kaaba in 1979 (Hijri 1400) in Hijri 1407, an even bloodier incident took place during the hajj. Hadjis demonstrating on the streets were attacked: 402 people were killed and many more injured. It was a great sin for Muslims (Saudi soldiers and Iranian hadjis) to kill one another next to the Beyt-ul Muazzama. These bloody incidents bear a great similarity to the climate described in the hadiths.
It is narrated from Husayn Ibn Ali (ra) that:“When you see a great fire from the east in the sky illuminate the night, that moment is the time of the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as).” (Mari' bin Yusuf Karami Hanbali, Fawaid Fawaid al-Fikr fil Mahdi al-Montazar)
A fire will enfold you. That fire is currently extinguished in the valley called Berehut. People will be enfolded in that fire with terrible suffering. That fire will burn and destroy people and belongings. For eight days it will rage over the world like wind and cloud. The heat of night will be fiercer than that of day. That fire will stretch from the heads of man to the highest heavens, and there will be a terrible noise like thunder between the earth and sky, he said.247
The burning oil in Kuwait led to the deaths of people and animals. According to experts, half a million tons of oil went up into the atmosphere as smoke. Every day, more than 10,000 tons of soot, sulphur, carbon-dioxide and large quantities of hydrocarbons with their carcinogenic properties hang suspended over the Gulf. It is not just the Gulf, but the world itself that is burning.248
Two wells that were set alight produced as much oil as Turkey does in one day, and the smoke from them can be seen from Saudi Arabia, 55 kilometres away.249
Continuing news of disaster from the Gulf: Hundreds of oil wells set alight in Kuwait are still burning fiercely. Experts say it will be "exceedingly difficult to put those fires out," and it is said that the fires will affect a wide area from Turkey to India for the next 10 years.
The fire and smoke coming from the wells constantly pollute the atmosphere. Daytime resembles night in Kuwait. The brown smoke that rises together with the flames remind one of the sky as the autumn turns into winter … It will take at least a century for Kuwait to be completely habitable again. The smoke that rises with the flames is visible from miles away, totally blocking out the sky and making the country unfit to live in. The wealthy are abandoning Kuwait.250
In July 1991, Iraq invaded Kuwait, and as a result of the burning of the Kuwaiti oil wells Kuwait, and the Persian Gulf were engulfed in flames.
He [Hazrat Mahdi (as)] will not come until there is a portent from the Sun. 251
The solar eclipse of August 11, 1999 was the last of the twentieth century. During this eclipse, the likes of which take place only every 400 years, the sun, the moon and the world align. It was the first time that so many people had been able to watch and study an eclipse for so long a duration. Below are some newspaper headlines regarding the phenomenon. This can be interpreted as the "portent from the Sun" referred to in the hadith. (Allah knows the truth).
This portent from the Sun may be the great explosion that took place in the twentieth century. On the left of the picture to the side is an image of the Sun taken in 1996. The image on the right was taken in 2000, and shows its latest appearance, after the explosion.
23.02.2009 Güneş Gazetesi
03.04.2009 Dokuz Sütun
According to his Companions, the Messenger of Allah (saas) said:
"When Abbasi Malik arrives at Khorasan, one of the signs of the coming of the promised Mahdi (as), A DOUBLE-TOOTHED (1) LIGHT SHEDDING (2) HORN (3) WILL APPEAR IN THE EAST." That comet has been born. But is it that one, or another similar one?-That this star is called a comet, is probably based on the following:
-The course of the constant IS FROM WEST TO EAST (4)...
ITS DAILY PASSAGE, ON THE OTHER HAND, IS FROM EAST TO WEST. (5)
(Imam Rabbani, Letters of Rabbani, Letter 381, p. 1184)
The expression “a double-toothed, light-shedding horn will appear,“ described by our Prophet (saas) in the hadith as a portent of the coming of the awaited Hazrat Mahdi (as) in the End Times and described in detail by Imam Rabbani refers to the comet Lulin, which came closest to the Earth on 24 February, 2009. The way that the terms in the hadith completely fit the characteristics of the comet Lulin is a great miracle and glad tidings for believers awaiting the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as).
1) ... double-toothed...: The fact that the tail of the comet Lulin is forked completely matches the term double-toothed in the hadith.
(2) ... light-shedding...: The term light-shedding in the hadith refers to the brightness of the comet Lulin, which exceeded that of six stars as it approached the Earth.
(3) ... a horn...: The main distinguishing feature between Lulin and other comets is that as well as the comet having a tail in the rear of its body, it also has a tail in the front. Examination of photographs of Lulin and its two tails immediately put one in mind of a horn.
(4) The course of the constant is from west to east...: The hadith goes on to say that “The course of the constant is from west to east...” This refers to the movement of heavenly bodies, which information is in full agreement with the astronomical findings of the 20th century. Indeed, all heavenly bodies travel from WEST to EAST.
(5) Its daily passage, on the other hand, is from east to west. ...: Here the expression “Its daily passage, on the other hand, ...” indicates that the comet Lulin, as opposed to all other heavenly bodies, travel from east to west.
The fact that this characteristic, seen in no other heavenly body, applies to the comet Lulin and that this was described 1,400 years ago by our Prophet (saas) as a portent of the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as) is a great miracle.
Before the Hour comes, there will be a tribulation like patches of dark night. 252
The word "tribulation (fitna)" implies anything that turns peoples' reason and hearts away from the true path, or war, incitement, confusion, disorder and conflict. The tribulation in the hadith will leave smoke and dust behind it, we learn.
Furthermore, the way that tribulation is described as "darkness" in the hadith, can be seen as an indication that its origins are unclear, that it is unexpected. Looking at it from that regard, it is probable that the hadith is referring to the world's worst terrorist attack, on the cities of New York and Washington in the United States on September 11, 2001.
The inhabitants of Egypt and Sham would kill their ruler and his commands… 253
Anwar Sadat, who came to power in Egypt in 1970 and remained there for 11 years, was killed by his opponents during a military march-past in 1981. Other Egyptian leaders who have been killed include Prime Minister Boutros Ghali, assassinated in 1910, and Prime Minister Mahmoud Nukrashy Pasha, assassinated in 1948.
Bashir Gemayel, the assasinated phalange President of Lebanon
The word Sham is not only used for the city of Damascus in Syria. The world means "left" in Arabic, and has long been used to refer to those countries to the left of the Hijaz region (where the cities of Mecca and Medina stand). Many leaders have been killed in the region. Some of these are: Former Syrian Prime Minister Salah al-Deen Beetar (bottom left), killed in 1980, Syrian Prime Minister Droubi Pasha, killed in 1921, Syrian Prime Minister Muhsin al-Barazi, assassinated in 1949, King Abdullah of Jordan, killed in 1851, and Lebanese Phalange leader Bashir Gemayel (above right), killed in a bomb attack in 1982.
The people of Sham will take prisoner the tribes of Egypt.254
Today, the states in the region in question include Israel. That is why the hadith could be pointing to the war between the State of Israel and Egypt, and the invasion of Egyptian territory.
On October 26, 1956, Israel attacked Egypt and began to occupy the Sinai Peninsula. The fighting ended shortly afterwards following intervention by the United Nations, and a UN peacekeeping force was stationed on the Israeli border.
The 1967 Six-Day War was another war between Israel and Egypt. By the end of the war, Israel had captured all of the Gaza Strip and the Sinai peninsula, the West Bank of the River Jordan, the city of Jerusalem and the Golan Heights.
The Hour (Last Day) will not be established until ... earthquakes will be very frequent.255
There are two great events before the Day of Judgement ... and then years of earthquakes. 256
The Prophet (saas) Foretold the Coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as) in Hijri 1400
The Prophet (saas) foretold the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as) in Hijri 1400In the words of one hadith;
People will gather around Hazrat Mahdi (as) in the year 1400. (Risalat al-Khuruj al-Mahdi, p. 108)
The Prophet (saas) explicitly states that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will appear in Hijri 1400. Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, the greatest Islamic scholar of the last 1000 years, also reveals in his collected works that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will appear in Hijri 1400:
[They] suppose[d] A FACT THAT WOULD OCCUR IN THE FUTURE OF THE WORLD ONE THOUSAND FOUR HUNDRED YEARS LATER to be close to their century. (Words, p. 318)
As of Hijri 1400, all the signs of the End Times revealed by our Prophet (saas) began taking place one after the other.
Many hadiths handed down from the Prophet (saas) appearing in the Letters of the great Islamic scholar Imam Rabbani and Sunan Abu Dawud, one of the six most important works of Sunni hadith literature, explicitly state that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will appear in Hijri 1400, and this is reiterated many times over in Said Nursi's Barla Addendum, Kastamonu Addendum and The Rays, as well as in the Damascus Sermon he preached to 10,000 people in the year Hijri 1327 in the Umayyad Mosque. (For detailed information, see: http://www.awaitedmahdi.com/article.php?id=14880)
Hadiths transmitted from the Prophet (saas) appearing in the works of such great Islamic scholars as Imam Rabbani, As-Suyuti, Ahmad ibn Hanbal and Bediuzzaman Said Nursi also explicitly say that the life of the Ummah of Islam will not exceed the year Hijri 1500:
THE LIFE OF MY COMMUNITY WILL NOT EXCEED 1500 YEARS. (Suyuti, el- Keşfu an Mücavezeti Hazihil Ümmeti el-Elfu, elhavi lil Fetavi,
Suyuti. 2/248, tefsiri Ruhul Beyan. Bursevi. (Arapça) 4/262,
Ahmed bin Hanbel, Kitâbu’l-İlel, s. 89)
Imam as-Suyuti says that the hadiths of our Prophet (saas) reveal that the life of the Ummah will not exceed 1500 years:
THE LIFE OF MY COMMUNITY WILL NOT EXCEED 1500 YEARS. (As-Suyuti, Al-Kashf 'an Mujawazat Hazihi al-Ummah al-Alf; As-Suyuti, Al-Hawi Lil-Fatawi, 2/248; Tafsir Ruh al-Bayan. Bursawi 4/262; Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Kitab al-`Ilal, p. 89) ((Al-Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah li-ashrat al-sa'ah, p. 299)
Said Nursi says that the life of the Ummah will last until the year Islamic year 1506:
“The first sentence refers to the last period of a community striving on the path of Allah in the End Times in ONE THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED - (1500) and the second sentence to the victory of the struggle (waged on the path of Allah) in ONE THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED AND SIX (1506). (...) It suggests it will continue in a visible and manifest, and perhaps victorious form, until this date (1506)." (The Ratifying Stamp of the Unseen, p. 46)
On page 33 of the Kastamonu Addendum Bediuzzaman gives the year 1545 as the date of the Day of Judgement. (Allah knows the truth.)
“A group from my community will remain in truth until Allah's command.
The abjad calculation of the clause “A group from my community...” which is 1542 (2117) implies its (the community's) time of survival. The abjad calculation of the clause “will remain in truth” (when the gemination mark is counted) gives 1506 (2082) it indicates until that date (2082) it will continue its work of enlightenment evidently and obviously, and maybe victoriously until 1542 (2117) in secrecy and defeat. The abjad calculation of the clause “until Allah's command” (when the gemination mark is counted) suggests that THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT WILL BEFALL the unbeliever in 1545 (2120). (Kastamonu Addendum, p. 33)
In the light of these completely trustworthy sources, it is quite obvious that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will not appear in a century after Hijri 1400. All Muslims must attach absolute credence to the trustworthy hadiths concerning the End Times handed down from our Prophet (saas) and to the accounts of greatest Islamic scholars. Otherwise, to ignore these portents that have all come about one after the other is equivalent to maintaining that one should expect them to happen again, one after the other. The fact is that these portents have already happened once, and in a given order. And this is sufficient for Muslims to realize that they are living in the End Times foretold by our Prophet (saas). To say, in the face of the hundreds of portents in question that have taken place, “the same portents must happen all over again” is definitely irrational and illogical. It is enough for a genuine Muslim to see that these portents have taken place once in the manner foretold by our Prophet (saas) to believe that we are living in the End Times and that, insha'Allah, Hazrat Mahdi (as) has come.
The Signs of the End Times are Coming One after the Other
In the hadiths that have come down to us from the Prophet (saas), news is given concerning the end times and the Golden Age of Islam. When we compare these signs with the things that are taking place in our time, we can see many indications that we are living through the End Times and which also herald the arrival of the Golden Age of Islam.We must make it clear that some of the signs pointed to in the hadiths that we have been considering in this chapter may have been witnessed to one extent or another throughout the 1,400-year history of Islam, in some part of the world. That does not mean, however, that those were the end times. Because, in order to describe one period as the End Times, all the signs of the last day need to happen at the same time, one after the other. That situation is referred to in a hadith:
"Signs following one another like bits of a necklace falling one after the other when its string is cut."257
In the hadiths, the beginning of the End Times is described as when discord grows, and war and conflict are on the increase, when there is confusion and disorder, and moral degeneration rears its head and people turn away from the morality of religion. At the time in question, natural disasters will occur all over the world, poverty will reach unseen levels, there will be a large increase in the crime rate, and murder and brutality everywhere. Yet this will be only the first stage. During the second phase, Allah will rescue mankind from this state of disorderliness and confusion and replace it with a blessed existence full of plenty, peace and security.
The Hour will not be established … till the people compete with one another in constructing high buildings.258
The Last Day will not be established until... time will pass quickly.259
Great distances will be traversed in short spans of time.260
The Last hour will not come before time contracts, a year being like a month, a month like a week, a week like a day, a day like an hour, and an hour like the kindling of a fire. 261
The century we are living in has seen the capability of constructing supersonic aeroplanes, and the ability, through trains and other improvements in means of transport, to make journeys in a few minutes that would once have taken months, and in great comfort. What this hadith indicates is also taking place in this manner.
Communication between continents would take weeks hundreds of years ago, but is now a matter of seconds, by means of the Internet and improvements in technology. Goods that used to take weeks to arrive, following a long journey, can now be delivered at a moment's notice. Billions of books can now be printed in the time it would take to write a single letter just a few centuries ago. As well, other technological developments have meant that we no longer waste large amounts of time on cooking, cleaning and child minding.
One could go on citing similar examples. Yet, the important thing here, of course, is that the signs of the Last Day, as set out by the Prophet (saas) in the seventh century, are now happening one by one.
1. Türkiye Gazetesi, 1 February 2002
2. Hürriyet Gazetesi, 19 March 2000
The last hour will not come before the end of a man's whip speak to him. 262
The whip is known as a tool used in earlier times when riding or guiding pack animals such as horses or camels. When we look closely at this hadith, we can see that the Prophet (saas) is making a comparison. Let us ask people living at the present time a question, "Is there a modern implement that talks and resembles a whip?"
The most logical reply to that question is the mobile telephone, with its long antenna, or similar communications equipment. If we bear in mind that mobile or satellite phones are comparatively recent developments, then the wisdom behind the Prophet's (saas) description of 1,400 years ago is even clearer. That is just one more indication that we are living through the period prior to the Judgement Day.
There will be no Judgement ... until a person's own voice speaks to him.263
The message in the hadith is quite clear: A person's hearing the sound of his own voice is another sign of the end times. There is no doubt that in order to hear the sound of one's one voice, one first needs to record it, and then to play it back to himself. Sound recording and reproduction equipment are products of the twentieth century. That development marked a scientific turning point, and led to the birth of the communications and media industries. Sound reproduction is nearly perfect now, by means of computer and laser technologies.
In short, the electronic gadgets of our time, microphones and speakers, allow us to record sound and play it back, and are also manifestations of that related in the above hadith.
The sign of that day: A hand will be extended from the sky, and people will look and see it.264
The sign of that day is a hand extended in the sky and people stopping to look at it. 265
The Arabic word for "hand" in the above hadiths is "yed." As well as "hand," the dictionary also provides such meanings as "power, force, strength, means etc." It is probable that in these hadiths the word is used in those senses.
The idea of a "power, force, strength or means" extending from the sky and looked upon by people might not make much sense in the context of past ages. Yet, it sheds considerable light on equipment such as the television, camera and computer, which have become such an indispensable parts of modern life, as described in the hadiths. In other words, the "hand" mentioned in these hadiths is used in the sense of force. It clearly points to pictures coming down from the sky in waves, in other words television broadcasting.
People will reap 700 measures of wheat for every one they sow … People will throw down a few handfuls of seeds and reap 700 handfuls … Although much rain will fall, none will be wasted. 266
The Prophet (saas) provided many other details of the technological advances that will accompany the end times. Attention is also drawn in the hadiths to the move towards modern agricultural techniques, the development of new production methods, seed improvement research, and increasing production as a result of better use of rainwater by building new dams and artificial lakes.
a)The increase in wheat production was described in on the website www.worldbank.org/html/cgiar/press/wheat3.html: Wheat is century's miracle crop. ‹smail Serageldin, World Bank vice president for Environmentally Sustainable Development and CGIAR chairman, said: 'WHEAT IS THIS CENTURY'S MIRACLE CROP' He continued: 'Increased wheat productivity has prevented widespread food shortages and stabilized the food security of Asia, Latin America and, to some extent, Africa.'
b)The figures for wheat production between 1981-2 and 1999-2000 on the www.economic.idsc.gov.eg/book/agri cul.htm website show a 90% rise.
Zaman Gazetesi, 7 October 1996
Technology is advancing at a rapid pace today. The quality and quantity of products are being greatly increased. This rapid development, particularly in genetic science, is creating a revolution in agricultural technology, the same way as in all aspects of technology.
At that time ... life spans will grow longer. 267
Fourteen centuries have passed since the Prophet (saas) brought forward that news. The average expected lifespan is much higher now than it has been at any other time in recent history. A great difference can be seen even between the figures for the beginning and the end of the twentieth century. For instance, it is estimated that a baby born in 1995 will live some 35 years longer than one born around 1900. Another striking example on the same subject is that in the recent past very few people lived to be 100, whereas now it is a great deal more common.
More than half of the developments regarding life extension have taken place in the twentieth century. Information on this subject is available on the website you see below (www.hsph.harvard.edu/review/special.htm) According to this page, "Life expectancy in the United States, for example, has risen from 47 years in 1900 to 78 years in 1995….First, when people are poor, they die young, and miniscule increases in per capita incomes can have a major impact on life expectancy. Second, even if you were enormously wealthy in 1900, there were 25 years of life expectancy you could not buy, which in 1990 could be gained even at relatively modest incomes."
The website below (www.viewzone.com/aging.html) includes some statistics. According to these, new born babies will have a potential average life span of 76 years, but this average is subject to change, because "In 1796, life expectancy was 24 years. A hundred years later it doubled to 48. Right now, it's 76." "Over half the baby boomers here in America are going to see their hundredth birthday and beyond in excellent health," says Dr. Ronald Klatz of the American Academy of Anti-Aging.
In the Qur'an, Allah states that He has brought about many miracles by means of the prophets. When the Prophet Moses (as) threw down his staff, for instance, it turned into a serpent, and when he smote the sea with that staff it divided into two, leaving a dry path down the middle. The Prophet Jesus (as) came into the world without a father, and spoke while he was still in the cradle. Another miracle is the way he was able to heal the sick… All these miracles by Allah's grace were support and help given to them, in the Sight of Allah, to allow them to convince the people and lead them to believe in them.
Allah supported the Prophet Muhammad (saas) by means of both the miracles in the Qur'an and with information given him regarding the unknown. The Prophet (saas) supplied details about events that would happen in the near and distant future. Seeing these actually come to be is both a means of increasing the excitement of believers and of warming the hearts of unbelievers towards Islam.
Events that would have seemed impossible to happen in his own time, and that no one could even have imagined, which are now occurring one after the other, are clear evidence of the fact that the Prophet (saas) was relating special knowledge.
We must make it clear that those who refuse to be guided to the true path will nevertheless still refuse to believe, despite the clear evidence and miracles of the Prophet (saas) and the Qur'an. Allah reveals that fact in the Qur'an:
They have sworn by Allah with their most earnest oaths that if a Sign comes to them they will believe in it. Say: "The Signs are in Allah's control alone." What will make you realise that even if a Sign did come, they would still not believe? (Surat al-An'am: 109)
208. Warren Treadgold, A History of the Byzantine State and Society, Stanford University Press, 1997, p. 287-299
209. Warren Treadgold, A History of the Byzantine State and Society, Stanford University Press, 1997, p. 287-299
210. Elmalili Hamdi Muhammad Yazir, Kuran-ı Kerim Tefsiri (Qur'an Tafsir)
211. Imam Taberi, Taberi Tefsiri, (Tafsir at-Tabari)
212. Al Hafiz ibn al-Dayba al-Shaybani,Taysir al-'usul ilaJami al-'usul, Volume 15, p. 420
215. M.G.S. Hodgson, The Venture of Islam, Volume1, İz Publications, Istanbul, 1993, p.61
216- Warren Treadgold, A History of the Byzantine State and Society, Stanford University Press, 1997, s. 287-299
217- Warren Treadgold, A History of the Byzantine State and Society, Stanford University Press, 1997, s. 287-299
218- Elmalılı Hamdi Muhammed Yazır, Kuran-ı Kerim Tefsiri, http://www.kuranikerim.com/telmalili/isra.htm
219- İmam Taberi, Taberi Tefsiri, 5. cilt, Ümit Yayıncılık, İstanbul, s. 2276,
220- Kütüb-i Sitte, Muhtasarı Tercüme ve Şerhi, Prof. Dr. İbrahim Canan, 15. cilt, Akçağ Yayınları, Ankara, s. 420
221- H.U. Rahman, İslam Tarihi Kronolojisi, Birleşik Yayıncılık, İstanbul 1995, s. 70-71
222- Kütüb-i Sitte, Muhtasarı Tercüme ve Şerhi, Prof. Dr. İbrahim Canan, 15. cilt, Akçağ Yayınları, Ankara, s. 416
225- M.G.S. Hodgson, İslam'ın Serüveni, 1. cilt, İz Yayıncılık, İstanbul, 1993, s.61
226- Taberi, 1:260; Taberi, 3:91, İnsanü'l-Uyun, 3:292, Salih Suruç, Kainatın Efendisi Peygamberimizin Hayatı, Yeni Asya Yayınları, İstanbul, 1998, s.223
227- Taberi, 3/91, Salih Suruç, Kainatın Efendisi Peygamberimizin Hayatı, Yeni Asya Yayınları, İstanbul, 1998, s.223
228- İbn'i Sad, Tabakat, 1:260, Salih Suruç, Kainatın Efendisi Peygamberimizin Hayatı, Yeni Asya Yayınları, İstanbul, 1998, s.223
229- Taberi, 1:260; Taberi, 3:91, İnsanü'l-Uyun, 3:292, Salih Suruç, Kainatın Efendisi Peygamberimizin Hayatı, Yeni Asya Yayınları, İstanbul, 1998, s.223
230- Taberi, 3/91, Salih Suruç, Kainatın Efendisi Peygamberimizin Hayatı, Yeni Asya Yayınları, İstanbul, 1998, s.223-224
231- Taberi, 3/91, Salih Suruç, Kainatın Efendisi Peygamberimizin Hayatı, Yeni Asya Yayınları, İstanbul, 1998, s.224
232- Taberi, 3/91, Salih Suruç, Kainatın Efendisi Peygamberimizin Hayatı, Yeni Asya Yayınları, İstanbul, 1998, s.224
233- İbni Sa'd, Tabakat, 1:260, Salih Suruç, Kainatın Efendisi Peygamberimizin Hayatı, Yeni Asya Yayınları, İstanbul, 1998, s.225
234- Taberi, 3/91, Salih Suruç, Kainatın Efendisi Peygamberimizin Hayatı, Yeni Asya Yayınları, İstanbul, 1998, s.225
235- Cevdet Paşa, Kısas-ı Enbiya ve Tevanih-i Hülefa, 1:182, Salih Suruç, Kainatın Efendisi Peygamberimizin Hayatı, Yeni Asya Yayınları, İstanbul, 1998,s.225
236- H.G. Wells, A Short History of the World, http://www.bartleby.com/86/41.html; http://www.encyclopedia.com/printablenew/25555.html
237- Suyuti, Cami'üs Sagir, 3/211; Ahmed bin Hanbel, Müsned, 2/492
238- İmam Şarani, Ölüm-Kıyamet- Ahiret ve Ahir Zaman Alametleri, Bedir Yayınevi, İstanbul, s.454
239- H. Akdağ – M. Sevgili, Son Zamanlarla İlgili Hadisler, Tekin Kitabevi, 1986, s. 85; Kitabül Burhan Fi Alametil Mehdiyyil Ahir Zaman (Ahir Zaman Mehdi'sinin Alametleri), Gonca Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1986, s. 27
240- Ali bin Hüsamüddin, Kitabül Burhan Fi Alametil Mehdiyyil Ahir Zaman (Ahir Zaman Mehdi'sinin Alametleri), Gonca Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1986, s. 38
241- İmam Şarani, Ölüm-Kıyamet- Ahiret ve Ahir Zaman Alametleri, Bedir Yayınevi, İstanbul, s. 440
242- G.Ahmed Ziyaüddin, Ramuz El Hadis, 2. cilt, Gonca Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1997, 448/8; İmam-ı Şa'rani, Ölüm Kıyamet ve Diriliş, Pamuk Yayınları, İstanbul, 1998, s. 480
243- H. Akdağ – M. Sevgili, Son Zamanlarla İlgili Hadisler, Tekin Kitabevi, 1986, s. 97
244- İmam-ı Şa'rani, Ölüm Kıyamet ve Diriliş, Pamuk Yayınları, İstanbul, 1998, s. 468
245- Ali bin Hüsamüddin, Kitabül Burhan Fi Alametil Mehdiyyil Ahir Zaman (Ahir Zaman Mehdi'sinin Alametleri), Gonca Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1986, s.59
246-Sahih-i Müslim, 11/320
247- Riyazü's Salihin, 3/332
248- İsmail Mutlu, Kıyamet Alametleri, Mutlu Yayıncılık, İstanbul, 1999, s.138
249- Heytemi Ahmet İbn-i Hacer-i Mekki, El Kavlul Muhtasar Fi Alamatil Mehdiyyil Muntazar (Beklenen Mehdi'nin Alametleri), Şafak Yayınevi, Manisa, 1985, s.47
250- İmam Şarani, Ölüm-Kıyamet- Ahiret ve Ahir Zaman Alametleri, Bedir Yayınevi, İstanbul, s.440
251- Heytemi Ahmet İbn-i Hacer-i Mekki, El Kavlul Muhtasar Fi Alamatil Mehdiyyil Muntazar (Beklenen Mehdi'nin Alametleri), Şafak Yayınevi, Manisa, 1985, s. 54
252- Heytemi Ahmet İbn-i Hacer-i Mekki, El Kavlul Muhtasar Fi Alamatil Mehdiyyil Muntazar (Beklenen Mehdi'nin Alametleri), Şafak Yayınevi, Manisa, 1985, s. 54
253- Ali bin Hüsamüddin, Kitabül Burhan Fi Alametil Mehdiyyil Ahir Zaman (Ahir Zaman Mehdi'sinin Alametleri), Gonca Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1986, s.32
254- İmam Rabani, Mektubat-ı Rabbani, Çev. Abdulkadir Akçiçek, İstanbul Dağıtım A.Ş., İstanbul, 2/1170
255- Ali bin Hüsamüddin, Kitabül Burhan Fi Alametil Mehdiyyil Ahir Zaman (Ahir Zaman Mehdi'sinin Alametleri), Gonca Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1986, s.35
256- Mer'iy b. Yusuf b. Ebi bekir b. Ahmet b. Yusuf el-Makdi'si "Feraidu Fevaidi'l Fikr Fi'l İmam El-Mehdi El-Muntazar
257- İmam Şarani, Ölüm-Kıyamet- Ahiret ve Ahir Zaman Alametleri, Bedir Yayınevi, İstanbul, s.461
258- Necati Özfatura, Kurtlar Sofrasında Ortadoğu, Adım Yayıncılık, 1983, s.175
259- Hürriyet, 23 Ocak 1991
260- Necati Özfatura, Kurtlar Sofrasında Ortadoğu, Adım Yayıncılık, 1983, s.175
261- Heytemi Ahmet İbn-i Hacer-i Mekki, El Kavlul Muhtasar Fi Alamatil Mehdiyyil Muntazar (Beklenen Mehdi'nin Alametleri), Şafak Yayınevi, Manisa, 1985, s. 47
262- Ali bin Hüsamüddin, Kitabül Burhan Fi Alametil Mehdiyyil Ahir Zaman (Ahir Zaman Mehdi'sinin Alametleri), Gonca Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1986, s.26
263- Heytemi Ahmet İbn-i Hacer-i Mekki, El Kavlul Muhtasar Fi Alamatil Mehdiyyil Muntazar (Beklenen Mehdi'nin Alametleri), Şafak Yayınevi, Manisa, 1985, s. 49
264- Heytemi Ahmet İbn-i Hacer-i Mekki, El Kavlul Muhtasar Fi Alamatil Mehdiyyil Muntazar (Beklenen Mehdi'nin Alametleri), Şafak Yayınevi, Manisa, 1985, s. 49
265- G.Ahmed Ziyaüddin, Ramuz El Hadis, 2. cilt, Gonca Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1997, 476/11
266- G.Ahmed Ziyaüddin, Ramuz El Hadis, 1. cilt, Gonca Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1997, 187/2
267- G.Ahmed Ziyaüddin, Ramuz El Hadis, 1. cilt, Gonca Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1997, 277/6