Justice means being fair and impartial when offering solutions to problems between people.
Those who do not live by the moral values of the Qur’an, however, generally do not conduct themselves with a sense of justice. Many external factors may have positive or negative impact on their decisions.
A person may give preference to the party he feels closer to himself, or his own interests may influence the verdict; he may veer from justice for the sake of personal inclinations.
Deviation from strict justice is often greatest towards those whom one dislikes most. Grudges and resentment cloud the mind and make it hard to take a decision in favor of the despised party.
Rage harbored in the heart may hinder a person from even acknowledging the other party’s rights of.
For this reason Allah draws special attention to this pitfall and warns believers against it:
You who believe! Show integrity for the sake of Allah, bearing witness with justice. Do not let hatred for a people incite you into not being just. Be just. That is closer to heedfulness. Have fear of Allah. Allah is aware of what you do. (Surat al- Ma‘ida; 8)
In compliance with the verse, Muslims never commit injustice to any individual or society because of kinship, resentment or personal interests.
No matter what someone’s belief, ideology or philosophy may be, or how hostile his attitude to Muslims, a true believer always treats him with justice.
He is not moved by emotion toward unfair decisions, and even when contrary to his own interests, he does not conceal or distort the truth.