Harun Yahya

The transition to bipedalism deception

Celal Sengor has claimed that supposed humanoid apes “stood up when being on four legs became difficult.”  That claim is definitely invalid:

-          Standing on two feet rather than four IS NOT AN ADVANTAGE. Quadripedalism is faster, easier and more efficient. Monkeys very rarely walk on two legs, generally for short distances of around a meter.  Because it is no advantage for them. Human beings can neither move along by swinging from one tree branch to another like a monkey nor run at speeds of 125 km an hour like the cheetah. On the contrary, because they walk on two legs they move very slowly and are thus one of the most defenseless life forms in nature.

-          IT IS IMPOSSIBLE FOR bipedalism TO EMERGE GRADUALLY. This model that constitutes the basis of evolution necessitates a “mixed” gait at one stage between bipedalism and quadripedalism. A living thing can either walk completely upright or else completely on four legs. No form of gait between the two is possible because of the excessive energy consumption that would be involved.

-          It has been established from the fossils of Australopithecus and Homo habilis, which have been installed on the illusory human family tree, that these had ape-like characteristics and walked stooped over like present-day monkeys. The latest study of the Australopithecus pelvic bone, conducted in 2000, revealed that these life forms did not have a “transitional” posture, and that THEY WALKED JUST LIKED MODERN-DAY APES.  Homo erectus and Neanderthal fossils exhibit the characteristics of fully upright human beings. THERE ARE NO TRANSITIONAL FORM FOSSILS with a posture somewhere between the two. 

-          In addition, research into the organ known as the cochlea (balance organ) in the Australopithecine’s inner ear has once again proved that Australopithecus was quadripedal.

-          There are huge anatomical differences between human beings and apes in organs such as the foot, hand, spine and pelvic bone that assist walking:

a) Monkeys’ toes are longer, and the arch in the human foot required by their gait is missing from monkeys’ feet.

b) The monkey hand lacks one very important feature of the human hand, a long and mobile thumb. Monkey hands have a "knuckle walking gait"
anatomy. That anatomy is described as the way that monkeys walk by leaning on the knuckles of the hands, in other words on four feet.

c) The human skull is balanced on the top of the backbone. The monkey skull, on the other hand, is at an angle to the spine, as necessitated by its posture. 

d) Human beings have short, broad pelvises that allow them to walk upright. Monkeys’ pelvises are long and narrow.

Such great anatomical differences make it impossible for any life form to survive in the alleged transition from quadripedalism to bipedalism.

-          Fossilized footprints dating back 1.5 million years found in Kenya finally eliminated all the speculation. These fossil features that emerged at a period when, according to Darwinists, imaginary, peculiar-looking hominids should have been in existence, showed that the individual that left them was around 1.80 m in height, with toes that ran parallel to one another, as in today’s man. The presence of an arch, UNIQUE TO MODERN-DAY MAN, in these remains, and also of short toes, DEFINITIVELY DOCUMENT AN ERECT POSTURE.  

-          Craig Stanford, Professor of Anthropology and Biological Sciences at the University of Southern California, says: "The time-honored idea that a weakling hominid left the safety of the forest for the dangerous savanna and had to live by its wits and stood upright is a nice story, but it's probably fiction.”  Despite being an evolutionist, Stanford maintains that the idea is in all probability fictitious. And a totally fictitious account is an illogical one. 

-          Apart from all that, the idea that a living thing suddenly began walking upright just in order to pick fruit from trees is a highly illogical and ludicrous one. Many living things, such as dogs and cats, often stand up on two legs to reach something high up. They even walk and travel some distances on two legs. But this characteristic in their bodies has never been selected by chance as advantageous in a random process, no giant and impossible anatomical changes needed to walk upright have taken place, and the cat has therefore never turned into another, bipedal species.  The myth that monkeys became bipedal by standing up on two legs in order to find food or examine their surroundings is just as illogical.

-          In addition, researchers have concluded from their examinations of supposed ancient hominid regions that these were not in fact savannah at all, but more or less densely forested areas. Therefore, the idea that the imaginary life forms in question left the forests for the plains and began walking on two feet there also collapses in those terms.

1 Carl Zimmer, “Great Mysteries of Human Evolution”, Discover, September 1, 2003

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